Untreated decayed teeth and the illness of their environment can often lead to the removal of the teeth. After having made sure that the broken or damaged tooth cannot be fixed with a crown, a filling or any other preservative dental treatment, the extraction is performed. Since it is a relatively simple procedure, it is carried out under local anaesthesia. The dentist loosens the tooth with a dental instrument and smoothly removes it.
In certain cases, however, it is not possible to remove a tooth by a simple extraction: for example, if there is extreme decay, when the tooth can easily snap, or when the tooth has a strongly curved root or diverging roots. A more complex procedure, the so-called surgical extraction is needed if the tooth has broken off at the gum line or has not erupted in the mouth at all. The oral surgeon needs to make a small incision in order to be able to remove the broken tooth.
It’s quite common that there’s no sufficient space for the eruption of wisdom teeth. In such cases, painful and inflamed gum pockets might evolve around the affected teeth. Wisdom teeth tend to decay and it occurs that they push forward all the other teeth before them. All this might lead to malocclusion and the crowding of the teeth. In that case the wisdom tooth needs to be removed.